Is this the resaon why the Paperless Office is still a concept ?(Pt2)


……………So how is the Schumpeter’s wave connected to the paperless office? If you understand the concept of destructive innovation then this may give you some idea or thoughts of that may be happing or not which more the case is…………


Incremental Innovations

Incremental innovations occur more or less continuously in any industry or service, although at differing rates and in different industries. This can be dependent upon a combination of demand pressures factors and technological opportunities.

They often happen not so much as the result of any deliberate research and development   but as the outcome of inventions and improvements suggested by engineers or as the result of initiatives and proposals by users or other persons engaged in the innovation process.

Although their combined effect is extremely important in the growth of productivity and in the quality improvements to products and services, particularly in the follow-through period after a radical breakthrough innovation no single incremental innovation has dramatic effects on the economy and they often pass unnoticed and unrecorded.

The impact of incremental innovations can lead to productivity increases greater than those initially possible from radical innovations. Generally, the progressive evolution of incremental innovations on a technological trajectory is more or less predictable.

Radical Innovations 

Radical innovations represent the introduction of truly new products and processes.

They are discontinuous events that cannot be attributed to the cumulative addition of incremental modifications and improvements to existing products and processes. Radical innovations are typically unevenly distributed over industrial sectors and over time and are usually the result of deliberate Research and Development.

They are important as potential springboards for the new growth. Over long periods of time, radical innovations may have fairly dramatic effects, but their immediate economic impact is relatively small, unless a group of radical innovations are linked together in the uprising of new industries.

Systematic Innovations (New Technology)

Systemic innovations are far-reaching changes in technology affecting several branches of the economy and giving rise to entirely new industrial sectors. They are based on a successful combination of radical and incremental innovations. 

They often lead to a proliferation of radical innovations that diffuse into the economy, generating a large number of minor or incremental innovations “bandwagon effect”.

New Techno-Economic Paradigms

New techno-economic paradigms represent changes in technological systems that are so far-reaching in their effects that they have a major influence on the entire economy They correspond to the “creative gales of destruction” within the Schumpeter’s theory of long waves in the economic development structure.  

New techno-economic paradigm implies a process of economic selection from the range of technically feasible combinations of innovations, whose diffusion throughout the economy takes a relatively long time.

This often involves a complex interplay between technological, economic, and political forces, and above all the social and political acceptability of the new techno-economic paradigm: it is in fact a “met paradigm,” exerting a dominant influence on engineers, designers, and managers over several decades and implying a radical change in the set of “common sense” or “best practice” rules and guidelines ordinarily admitted in industrial production and management.

Having covered what a wave is with regards to the different areas. How can we categories and innovation? Is this possible with a product in general looking at this in more detail one of the wave indicated is that it’s not an idea or an innovation but it could be a spin off or a natural progression of a product which had evolved over a period of time.

When the cassette player first came out the product was bulky in design and in time it became more portable, carrying the cassette player around. As time passed this product went through another phase, which was the portable walkman again technology played a part in this instead of the cassette tape this became a disc.

When technology increased and then the I pod became as the latest portable music device, can we conclude that the I Pod is a increments innovation starting from the portable cassette player leading to the I pod, but on the other hand could you say that the I Pod came form a New Techno-Economic Paradigms i.e. the very first grammar phone which was invented back in the 1870’s or even Thomas Edison very first recorded sound.

Studying this in more detail and identifying what the cassette player is to the I pod and indicating that it is in a cycle and the other item are also in a cycle but viewed separately.

To understand the economics of innovation products you must have a basic understanding of the Schumpeter wave and all the cycles which are interconnected within it.

The main reason why this has been mentioned is that idealistic economic system believing that a question has not been asked or answered. Viewing and reading all the books, articles and reports not one section that I have found has asked why the paperless office has not become a more common idea.

There are only two possible answers technology is not available or the other one is that it is not sociably acceptable yet with regards to the technology.

Although technology has been around for years could the other answer be that it is more a social issue or could there be a third dimension, why the paperless office has not become a more common items in the work place.

It has not found a place in any waves or Product K cycles which has made it to be a measurable product or a measurable product within any of the above cycles or sections.  

When indicating that it has not been born yet a product which is sociable accept as the paperless office has never had any Creative destruction within any wave or cycle therefore could this mean that it is not yet born. The system and concept has been around form the 1970s but still not acceptable still not a part of a new technology system or age still not technology sociably accepted.

The very difficult question that has to be answered is that how do you measure a new product that has not yet received any power to be placed into a wave or K Cycle.

I think that the answer is that you can not one thing that you could guarantee is that when it does enter a cycle or even start cycles the Incrimination of the paperless office will be quite large with all the manufactures and software developers joining the band wagon.

Schumpeter’s Wave Concept



Paperless Office Concept within the Fifth Wave


The idea of the paperless office becoming a measurable product is one of the keys to changing the transition form a concept to product. The understanding of the Schumpeter’s wave and k product cycles must be understood at the basic level for any concept to be taken into a product or service.


About martin smith

A degree in Engineering Management ,who is just trying to make life a bit easier, for anyone who wishes to read these articles. View all posts by martin smith

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