Category Archives: Reading (Paperless)

The Last Post

Well I will say that this is the last post for the site SPA Paperless Office Project the reason why is that times have changed the site will have a new name and a new look complete with a totally new area to the paperless office, it will still have the roots of the S.P.A Foundation and still built around what I believe is still one of the fundamentals of achieving a paperless environment.

What will the new site have, a purpose built Management Efficacy SPA Template Tool and an Efficacy SPA Paperless Template Tool plus a few others.

How will the site be designed, it will have a new looking reader friendly screen a new external link friendly system plus the all the usual posts that are connected to the paperless environment for the person who wants to understand and read thought and interesting posts that are connected to this subject.

The site design will constantly be updated to improve the reader’s experience.

What will be the site called? To keep in line with the original thoughts of the first web site the name Paperless Endeavour will hope to keep the ever lasting and changing environment that to a certain degree will always try to keep up with the Technologies advances and break thoughts that are always trying to improve the world we live in weather it’s in the office or associated Technologies.

The new site will be launched in January next year, so I hope to see you then, other wise have a wonderful Christmas Holiday and a Happy New Year.

Martin Smith


eReaders, can we curl upto a book !

So there is no confusion to what we are writing about, when we say hardware we mean what you physically hold in your hand, some people do class hardware as the software running application, I do think that this seems to be I little misleading at times and I do believe that it can play a important role when designing and also reading from a eReader.

What do you say is the most important factor when designing a eReader, it’s stylish looks with all the modern applications, it’s ability to connect to the world wide web, crystal clear reading surface, back and white print or colour, it’s looks and feel to replicate a book or newspaper the list is endless and it will be a personnel choice but there must be a bare minimum requirement to all eReader designs.

This has to be a clear and crystal reading screen, you can have all the latest gadgets, but if this is not acceptable then you are on to a loser before you begin.

I think in the early days when the eReader was just starting this was a problem but as we all know as technology grows, these small areas are ironed out and we do not have such a problem anymore.

E Ink displays has somewhat slowed lately, with the Kindle and the Sony reader models being out for quite a while now. Things are looking up, however, with the latest announcement from E Ink trying to update the display tech in order to beat the Apple iPad.

Most noticeable features are an improvement from the standard 7:1 contrast ratio screens to the much easier on the eye 12:1 ratio – and a faster refresh rate. E Ink claims this refresh rate is fast enough to support simple animations.

So if we are starting to master the concept of the reading ability, then what else could you class as been important.

To follow are the products on the market that everybody is buying and they all have a general same design parameters.

I generally believe that it’s not what you class been important but what do you want to read and how you want to read it, Do you want to read the item on the go or do you want to read it in the comfort of your own home.

I do think that this area has reached a turning point as to what the customer perceives to what the product should be to what the designer perceives what the product should be.


All the above Ereaders are approximately designed the same with regards to the overall demin 8 * 5.3* 0.36 to 10.4 * 7.2 * 0.4 Inches. Weighs approximately 8 to 12 ounces some are designed with touch screen some are not the running applications are a other story, as I have mentioned within an other post.

 My main point is that the above Ereaders are designed to be small, compact, portable and are really designed for the so called on goes that are constant on the move and who require information at a press of a button.

Is there or should there be a section if you want to read in private or in the comfort of your own home, I certainly believe that there is, if I wanted to read a book or even a magazine then I would not want to read a small potable compact screen.

I do believe that these types of Ereaders are great and they do provide a great portable devices for people which require information or need to read a few pages etc, but if I wanted to curl up to a book or magazine this is not the type of environment that I would be comfortable with.

So is there an answer I generally believe that the above Ereaders are great for the purpose but I have my concerns with regards to the type of environment that this will slowly progress to, it is only matter of time before the general public will start and want to read a book or a newspapers in the comfort of they own home

The above products will not be acceptable, Why , to small and to expensive , there is a nature progression here that the eReader will be become a thing of the past and the new buss word will be Tech paper, a single sheet that will let you down load any book, newspaper or document, the size of approx the I pad where you can keep the feeling of that traditional aspect.


eReader File,Format (Matrix)

Hardware Reader  Plain text PDF ePub HTML Mobi- Pocket Fiction- Book DjVu
Amazon Kindle 2, DX   Y   Y   N    N     Y      N   N
Amazon Kindle 3    Y   Y    N     Y     Y      N   N
Android Devices    Y   Y    Y    Y     Y     Y   Y
Apple iPad    Y   Y    Y    Y     Y     Y   Y
Azbooka WISEreader    Y  N    Y    Y     Y     Y   N
Barnes & Noble Nook    Y   Y    Y     N     N     N   N
Bookeen Cybook Gen3, Opus     Y   Y    Y      Y     Y     Y    N
COOL-ER Classic     Y   Y    Y       Y     Y      Y    N
Foxit eSlick     Y   Y    Y     N     N     N    N
Hanlin e-Reader V3    Y   Y    Y    Y      Y     Y    Y
Hanvon WISEreader    Y    Y    Y    Y     N     N   N
iRex iLiad    Y    Y    Y    N     Y     N   Y
Iriver Story    Y    Y   Y     N     N     N     Y
Kobo eReader    N   Y   Y    N     N     N    N
Nokia N900    Y   Y    Y    Y     Y     Y   Y
NUUTbook 2    Y   Y   Y   N    N    N   N
OLPC XO, Sugar    Y   Y    Y    Y    N    N   Y
Onyx Boox 60    Y   Y   Y    Y     Y    Y   Y
Pocketbook 301 Plus, 302, 360°    Y  Y   Y    Y    Y    Y   Y
Sony Reader    Y  Y   Y   N    N    N   N
Viewsonic VEB612     Y  Y    Y    Y    Y     N   N
Hardware Reader  Broadband eBook eReader Kindle WOLF Tome Raider Open eBook              
Amazon Kindle 2, DX N N Y N N N              
Amazon Kindle 3 N N Y N N N              
Android Devices N Y Y N Y Y              
Apple iPad N Y Y N Y Y              
Azbooka WISEreader N N N N N N              
Barnes & Noble Nook N Y N N N N              
Bookeen Cybook Gen3, Opus N N N N N Y              
COOL-ER N N N N N N              
Foxit eSlick N Y N N N N              
Hanlin e-Reader V3 N N N Y N N              
Hanvon WISEreader N N N N N N              
iRex iLiad N N N N N N              
Iriver Story N N N N N N              
Kobo eReader N N N N N N              
Nokia N900 N N N N N Y              
NUUTbook 2 N N N N N N              
OLPC XO, Sugar N N N N N N              
Onyx Boox 60 N N N N N N              
Pocketbook 301 Plus, 302, 360° N N N N N N              
Sony Reader Y N N N N N              
Viewsonic VEB612 N N N N N N              


The above is a simple matrix that will tell you which file, format is connected to which device, this is for reference only and it will give a guide to what is available at the time of print and I am sure it will change as things progress.

The main point is that if you look at the matrix there are so many different types for each device that it’s getting to appoint that we need to try to break it down to no more than 2 or 3 file types and a Platform can be designed to help all parties concerned.

eReaders software,files and formats

I have often wondered why it can be so confusing to read a book through an e reader or any other reading format. All we want to do is read a book, magazines and soon newspapers so why is it so confusing with regards to which format and file type to use.

Below are the bare basic that you should understand before you purchase an eReader and also we must try to remember that just because you are reading form a screen it does not mean that you are eReading.

To understand this subject it should be broken down in two area software and hardware (hardware will be posted soon)

So let take a look at the software first.

Which software?

That depends on the format, or file type, in which the e-book is presented. So in that sense the choice may be fixed, but you may also have additional software options available to enhance your reading experience.

A limitation with e-books at present is that in many cases the reader – either human or electronic – cannot simply convert file formats to other file formats. Therefore if an e-book is not offered in a format type that you have e-reader software already installed for, you may not be able to read it at all. Or you may need to obtain extra software first. Most e-reader software is available free however, and even the kinds you have to buy are usually not expensive.

It is important, though, that you be well aware of software issues before you purchase any e-books, or even try to read free ones. The information below will help you understand these issues. In addition, links are provided so you can obtain a variety of (mostly free) e-reader software.

Format Issues?         
The existence of different file formats has both good and bad features. Examples of the good are that particular formats may have various advantages suitable to particular types or styles of books (e.g. novels, textbooks or illustrated children’s books). As well, their rivalry stimulates the development of better software overall.

However, as frequently happens with new technology, the issue has also become a problem, as a result of intense competing commercial pressures. The biggest difficulty is caused by the failure of the players in the field to agree on common underlying standards, or to arrange for the inter-convertibility of formats for books that are commercially available (in so far as this could be possible).

There are several scenarios that might eventually resolve these difficulties. For example all or most e-books could be offered in multiple formats (many e-booksellers offer at least two or three at present). Alternatively, everyone could agree to use one particular format (the emergence of the ePub format may be a step in this direction). Or again, just one format – or a very few formats – could emerge as dominant in the marketplace. Or lastly, a technical & commercial mechanism could be established to facilitate the easy inter-convertibility of various formats through a trusted intermediary. The new Epub format mentioned above offers a potential platform for such a mechanism.

While some major corporations are still hoping that that their own product will win out over all others, there are also at present trends in e-publishing towards the first and fourth solutions. Viewed historically, e-books are still in their infancy, so it is too early to predict with any confidence what the final outcome will be.

HTML or plain text

If an e-book is offered in HTML, or plain text, you will be able to read it immediately with your web browser on your personal desktop or laptop computer. There is also extra software available to read it outside your browser (but still on your computer) in a more book-like experience, with additional features that a printed book can never offer. Examples are the ability to change the font size or style, or even the background texture, hyperlinks in the text (so you can jump straight to selected locations in the text or even on the Web), the ability to search the text in various ways, and an inbuilt dictionary.

You can also read HTML book files on various handheld devices that are equipped with modified web browsers, or various other e-reader software. Or you may be able to add such software to them. Check the information that comes with your device.

Adobe PDF, Microsoft Reader or eReader (Palm) formats

If an e-book is offered in a format other than HTML or plain text , such as Adobe PDF, Microsoft Reader or eReader (Palm) formats, you must first download & install particular (free) software on your computer or handheld device in order to read the book.

In some cases, computer users will already have at least one of these installed on their PC. Most commonly this will be some version of the Adobe Reader for .pdf files. Meanwhile, many handheld devices do come with some variety of e-reader software pre-installed, or supplied available for installation.

Just because you have a particular operating system on your device, this does not mean that all e-books that seem to come from an “opposing” system cannot be read. For example you can read eReader (Palm) format e-books on a Windows or Mac PC, or on a (Windows) Pocket PC. Similarly you can read PDF format e-books on a Palm, PocketPC or Symbian OS device. However, in such cases you must first install the appropriate e-reader software to make this possible.

What if there is e-reader software already installed on my device?

Some devices have proprietary e-reader software already installed, or reserved to the buyer for individual installation. You need to know the implications of this, as explained below:

 a) Where the software is the only one the device will allow – for example with the Kindle devices – the only books you will be able to read on the device are those that are offered in that format. So there you need to be careful, as if the books you want aren’t offered, or the companies that support the e-reader stops offering books in that format, the device may not be of so much use to you.

b) Sometimes a device may have its own proprietary format reader installed, but also allow you to install another type of e-reader software. For example the Franklin eBookman has its own Franklin Reader with a limited variety of books available, but you can also install Mobipocket Reader on it, which allows you to read a much larger variety of books.

c) Some handhelds may not come with any particular e-reader software, but may allow you to install one (or more) of your own choice. Or they may include one of the more popular ones, but allow you to uninstall it and add another instead.

As you can see from above it can get a bit confusing with regards to all the different types of files and formats, but help it on its way as mentioned in the above section with the introduction of Epub it’s got to be the way forward to help this area with regards to a regulation reading platform.

My last comment is very a simple one I wish that they could just leave the software designers to design the software applications but also leave the designers to design the hardware i.e. what we physically hold in our hands to read the item. Because at times it seems that they want to re design the whole wheel and not just an eReader.

eReaders (the bigger picture)

With 2010 looking to be great year for the eReader I thought I would have a look at the some of the lets say “one that have not been released yet and the ones that are a bit different” to the standard eReaders that are on the market.

And also an underlining point is that apart from seeing which new technology is breaking through there is a serious note that is connected to the paperless office and the paperless system.

You will notice that the newer designs are at last (up to point) starting to design the product with the users perception in mind to how the user will perceive the usability of the product.

I have been trying to get this point over for some time know, (if you get a minute have a look at the social and cultural section of my blog)

Plastic Logic Que 


Developed by scientists at Cambridge University’s Cavendish Laboratory, Plastic Logic uses flexible plastic technology that has been in development for 10 years now. The company plans to introduce two different models of the Plastic Logic Que E-Reader: one with a price tag of $649 and featuring Bluetooth, Wi-Fi capability and 4 GB memory and another priced at $799 having Wi-Fi, 3G wireless and 8GB memory. Both models don’t have memory card slots. QUE is slated to be sold through Barnes and Noble’s retail stores.

Positioned as a paperless briefcase, Que is one of the largest e-readers in the market. Less than 1/3″ thick, Que has a width of 8.5″ and a length of 11″ with a weight of 17.2 ounces. Screen measures 10.7″ diagonally, with a display resolution of 960 x 1280 at 150 ppi. Strangely, it supports only 8 levels of greyscale in comparison to many of the newer e-book readers that support 16.

Apart from Plastic Logic affirming that the screen is shatterproof, a gesture-based captive touch screen is used for navigation with a virtual keyboard for taking notes. Plastic Logic has positioned the product for business professionals due to large screen and its support for Excel, Word, PowerPoint, and PDF functions.

It is quite similar to Kindle DX in that it allows you to read newspapers, periodicals, business documents, textbooks, and PDF files along with e-books and text files as well. AT&T will provide both 3G and Wi-Fi capabilities depending on the model you choose. And since AT&T also has a presence in other countries, there sure exists an opportunity for expansion, though for now, the device is going to be limited to within US shores only.

Many big Magazines and Retailers have signed partnership agreements with the Que such as USA TODAY, Wall Street Journal, The Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, Baltimore Sun, the San Jose Mercury News, the Contra Costa Times, the Detroit Free Press, The Detroit News, the Oakland Tribune, the Huffington Post, The Sporting News Today, along with magazines from Barron’s, Fast Company, Forbes, MIT’s Technology Review, Popular Science, and IDG publication titles, including Macworld, PC World, CIO, Network World, and Computerworld.

The Que also reads a versatile amount of formats such as EPUB, PDF, HTML, Visio, RTF, DOC, DOCX, TXT, PPT, PPTX, XLS, XLSX.

This probably is the most expensive of the new generation of e-readers coming out. But it remains at the top of the heap next to the Skiff as two of the most innovative and versatile electronic readers to debut this years. If you have a large pocket book, the Skiff may be the right choice for you.

Skiff eReader

The Skiff E-Reader has a very generous display area, which stands at 11.5 inches with a resolution of 1200 x 1600 pixels. A stainless steel foil forms the base of the Skiff e-reader, which imparts a shatter-proof, crack-proof and a flexible characteristic to the device. Designed by LG Display, it incorporates touch screen features that can accept both finger and stylus input. The e-reader measure 9 inches x 11 inches and its thickness is just a shade over 1/4 inch. And at just over 17 1/2 ounces, the Skiff e-reader is lighter than the Kindle DX, which tips the scale at 18.9 ounces.

The Skiff will feature both Wi-Fi connectivity as well as 3G via Sprint. It is equipped with an internal memory that has a capacity of 4GB while the SD-card slot means, there is room for still more.

About its main source of content, what we know right now is that it is going to be the Skiff Store, which will look after the entire spectrum of selling and distributing newspapers, magazines, books, blogs and other content from multiple publishers across a range of devices. It is also likely that the newspapers and periodicals that is to be distributed by Skiff will also feature advertising, something that is lacking in Amazon’s Kindle versions and which the publishers will surely like to have included. Kindle newspapers also miss out on most of the photos, graphs, and so on. Skiff e-reader scores in this area also as their versions will have most of the graphics of the actual paper editions.

The Skiff as a unique design, it looks like to be the top of the class in far of a huge screen with tremendous resolution. We also like the fact the entire screen is touch screen, which means unlike the Kindle and other E-Readers it does not have a ton of buttons. Skiff has formed a relationship with Sprint and Samsung which means most Sprint stores will have this in stock, making purchase and discounts on the unit with a long term 3G package may lower the price drastically for citizens of the USA. The Price and release date have not been disclosed but rumours abound of a July Release date with a price tag of around $500.00

Hanlin V9 eReader

Compared to the Sony PRS-505, it’s definitely bigger. The V9 also adds new functions such as WiFi, CDMA/EVDO and handwriting that can help accessing e-books, newspapers, RSS and blogs through the Internet.

Supported file formats are the same as for the V3, including various open formats such as Epub and PPT. And language support covers almost every corner of the world.

The most intriguing thing is the effect of the A4 screen, allowing without zooming to display A4-sized PDF file almost as clear as on paper; only the font size may look a little small. With zoom-in (half page will be displayed on one screen), the font in turn is bigger than the original font of the paper.

The V9 also has a stylus; it realizes the click function, and allows making notes while reading. Otherwise, the software and hardware are about the same as for the V3.

According to Jinke, PVI can not yet mass-produce 9.7-inch displays. The MP is delayed until at least June; also the controller designed by E Ink still has a bug. Epson is busy with designing a new controller; the ASIC can be available in next month. The price is not set yet, probably somewhere between $599 and $699.

Entourage Edge


We are still trying to make our minds up on this one , is it a e reader or is it a note pad … decide !!!!!

 It does have two full screens on which actual work can be done

Can run Android applications and be used to browse the web

Wi-Fi built-in, so you’re not stuck relying on 3G

Two built-in microphones for noise-cancelation, but unfortunately no synchronization with notes

Note taking can be done using a stylus

Switching between the screens allows for websites to be loaded on one screen and “pushed” to the other

Just as with most other readers, you can highlight, annotate, and bookmark

It’s three whole pounds and ridiculously bulky

$500 price tag.

The Edge shows us what happens when you try to make a reader into what it’s not—a pseudo netbook or tablet

Final Thoughts

If these are the pointers to the future of the eReaders and we take a closer look at the skiff, and the overall concept with regards to the basic design, this has to be the one to watch, apart from totally new technology the overall reader frame work within it’s design parameters are far reaching than the other eReaders available on the market.

The reason why I say this is that it has been designed preciously for what the user has perceived it to do, no large back boards to the edge, no fancy button control on the bottom of the frame, it’s all touch technology and all you do is flick through each page of what you are reading, it not perfect in my view but it’s a step in the right direction. I still do not understand why designers over design new technology these days.

The days will come when after a hard days work or while you are at work and you want to read the daily paper situated in your region or even a national magazine all you do is subscribe to that publication and up it pops into your skiff or plastic logic Que and you read it, no fancy networking, no fancy gadgets, no nonsense frame work just clear and easy to read print that every one will want to read.  

One final reminder, if you want an e-reader that will allow you to read the books not only on the device you has now, but on any future devices you get. That is why it is important to buy an e-reader that uses the open source ePub format. Most of the top 5 eagerly anticipated E-Readers all read the ePub format.

If i said that these are a flop and will not hit our shops etc, well you will be right to say that, but flop or not i do think the skiff and also the Que will change the way we read well into the future. 

” backed by Hearst and Sprint it was a project doomed to failure, designed more as a proof-of-concept than an actual project ”

“Publishers need to think in terms of a podcast store for magazines instead of Hulu for magazines. You pay $15 and get a subscription. You get a memo when a new issues appears. You read it. You get on with your life. Anything else is far too much for a vast majority of us”


Could that be the Bigger Picture !!!!





Basic Reading and Writing (Paperless)

As stated in the previous articles the web page design with regards to reading has indicated a deficiency but what about how the computer is used as a writing device for the concept of the Paperless Office.

Trying to make the Paperless Office a reality that it will play a part in the lives we live in regarding the office and work place could the problem be that we are trying to design an environment rather than a product or could this is the other way round that we are designing a product rather than an environment.

Is there some confusion to what has been designed so far believing that may be a software package will be adequate and to call it a paperless office?

Designing software which fits into our standard computers is this still only designing a non Ould (2007), management flow system which helps us to organise what is already in use but advertised and sold as an answer to the Paperless Office.

Instead of designing software could the answer be the hardware?

There can be a lot of descriptions meaning Hardware for the purpose of the article the author has indicated that the hardware will mean Computer screen, keyboard and the external hard drive. If we need to look at the hardware should we look at what we do in the office but has the design of the standard computer been left standing and become unsociable

We must start with the basics reading and writing how people interact with the keyboard and also the screen how we can improve the readability. Can we improve when we write on the screen can we feel the same feeling that we get form a piece of paper and a pen.

The paperless office will evolve itself believing that it is a simple as that. This may be a bold statement but changing the concept of what we call a home computer and also what we have in the work place which consist of a screen and keyboard.

The only main big difference is how you connect all the computers together and do you have enough space and is your main frame big enough. So what could the answers be to change the concept of how we read and write form a computer.


Could one of the answers be that making the screen designs a more interactive item at the moment its design is static changing the size of the screen. When reading from the screen everything in an oblong sense it’s a piece of paper on its side.

Making the screen detachable form the stand so you can actually move it around but at the same time still is able to read form the screen. Buttons could be placed on the side of the screen to keep you interactive with the screen, scroll up down etc, and move to the next page etc. The screen must be able to placed back in to the stand and be secure if you need to send a long time situated at your desk or table.

Design a reading software button that all written text weather in a web site or in a word document and PDF document spans to a white back ground and there are no distractions and if you want to read a report or an article it could be designed so it is as close as possible to reading a book.

Reading an article or a report it would be possible to physically take the screen from the stand and read it where ever you like. So you get the feeling of and the interaction of holding something when reading.

The software design of the pages and front etc will come in time people will be able to chose there own requirements to suite there own needs obviously we would assume that the older generation would want it as close as possible to the real thing but the new generation would not be so particular as there are already used to the age of the computer rather than books.


The keyboard is a writing implement and for some time now technology has used haptics Galvet, Charles, Stein (2004), of the screen to the relation of a technology pen this has been very up and down and when this was the first introduced, it was going to change the way we used the computer and unfortunately after a period of time the resolution of the type and writing was not good enough.

Was the technology pen misunderstood? Could this be the reason why, considering what we write and in what contents, social, work, fun, is the tech pen a real requirements.

What do we use a pen and paper form at the moment if you have to write a report would you start writing on a piece of paper or would you go straight to the word doc and start typing.

What would you want to write with a tech pen it would come in no more than four categories, impulsive, message, reminder, sub broken (note writing).

 Anything that is subject to continuous sentences and Para graphical would most be performed in a typed format. So there is a requirement for a tech pen but not to replace the more traditional pen.

The keyboard design is a major area that has to be addressed why has the keyboard design not changed over the years. The keyboard type sets still has this continuous number of buttons that are added to the keyboards most of them are not used and can be a complete waste of time.

What changes have happened to any electrical device that involves typing the only example that could be used is the mobile phone instead of using a standard type set the action involves a more pick process from a screen and button then traditional typing.

Placing the type set on the screen this can still be a difficult area to address the reason for this is that most reports and findings state that people do not like typing to the degree where they can not feel the button been pressed down.

Making the keyboard more electronic and displaying less buttons on the type set would help to minimise the structure of the keyboard .The principal of making a more hand held instrument than a flat based keyboard would take into account the problem of distant physical connection to the screen as discussed in the previous sections.

The main purpose for the these changes is not to change them for the sake of it but for the basic principals to be understood and the main reason is so the user can have a more interactive usage but at that the same time covering what the computer and all the aspects should be doing and that is making sure that the computer is designed for the bare essentials for reading and writing.

Web Page Reading Design Study

We have discussed in the previous section how reading from the web may have to change to start meeting the demand of the way the web is becoming a necessity in the way we live the lives we do

A decision was taken to carry out a survey to try to establish how much non reading material can be found on a standard web site which of the viewing material was designed for reading and which was designed for non reading to the areas and matters concerned. 

What percentage of a reading area was available on a standard screen to see if one of the reasons why people have not yet conformed to the idea of the paperless office.

This new idea of reading from a screens is not yet sociable accepted or is it that the general public who read material from a screen have not yet experienced a screen that has been designed especially for reading and if a screen was designed would this encourage a reader to read form the screen and not to print out on piece of paper.

Webpage Design Study

The type of websites that where used for the study have been randomly chosen with the following point in mind.

  • The web site clearly indicated that the site was offering to view reading material.
  • The web site clearly advertised that the main purposed of the site was to read material.
  • The web site indicated that the some of the contents of the site was to read material.
  • The web site indicated that the purpose of the site was to publish and to read material.

Out of the ten websites only one had an extra facility to transfers the document to abode reader this certain helps if the document can be transferred but this still causers concern that the user still has to transfer a document to another software package to read the main concerns.

If the reader has to transfer the document to another software package they might as well printer the document out in real time this is a lot quicker transaction than transferring the document to adobe reader.

The study wanted to look at if there is a connection why and if a person would still want to print a document compared to read a document on a screen.

Could there be a simply answer is the screen to small is there too many distractions on the screen which will tell the eye and you will loose your of thought or it could be that people have not yet accepted that this is a way of reading and people still want to read on a piece of paper or in book.

Study Details

Screen size 30cm x 23cm (Total Sq 690sqcm)

  • 252sqcm       43.6%
  • 238sqcm       45.2%                                             
  • 110sqcm        58.0%
  • 540sqcm        15.0%                                                             
  • 225sqcm        52.5%             
  • 165sqcm        17.7%             
  •  225sqcm       46.5%
  • 229sqcm        46.1%
  • 368sqcm        32.2%
  • 240sqcm        45.0%

The total sq cm of all ten websites totals to 2592 sq cm if you average this out over the ten websites the average space that is wasted , i.e. non related to the item that you are reading comes of the pages is for advertising, general other information and non related subjects.

  • Average non related area to the contents of reading  40.18%

This is 40% of a screen that is wasted space around the item that you are trying to read this still excludes the moving and sometimes flashing advertisement which are placed next to the item.

This information has indicated that the standard website design for reading has 40% of the surrounding area wasted and this will result in the reader been distracted from trying to read the material.

The survey is not trying to re design the website page or even advise that the designers should be re designing all of the websites it has indicated that the standard website page is not designed for reading.

If this is what the general public has been used to, then this must have an overall effect to how people have perceived the website as a reading communication tool which can only affect the idea of the Paperless Office.